Bipolar disorder formerly known as manic depression is a mental health condition that causes extreme mood swings which include high emotions (manic or hypomania) and low emotions (depression).
This bipolar disorder can be identified when there is the presence of at least two symptoms during the day experiencing episodes of mania, hypomania and depression. Among the symptoms are:
- Feeling awkward or anxious
- Feeling restless
- Difficulty focusing due to anxiety
- Fear if something bad happens
- Feeling an individual may have lost control of themselves
The current level of severity of the patient can be determined by assessing the number of symptoms experienced by the patient. The severity of the patient is classified as:
- Mild: experiencing two symptoms
- Moderate: experiencing three symptoms
- Moderately severe: experiencing four or five symptoms
- Severe: experience four or five symptoms with motor agitation
First Opinion Regarding Bipolar Disorder
Here is what an expert has said regarding bipolar disorder: According to the National Institute of Mental Health (2020), the main symptom of bipolar disorder is an alternating episode between high mood and low mood. Changes in energy levels, sleep patterns, ability to focus, and other characteristics can dramatically affect a person’s behavior, work, relationships, and aspects of life.
Second Opinion Regarding Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder is one of the most distinct syndromes in psychiatry, having been described in many cultures throughout history. The unique features of the disease are mania, which is characterized by increased mood or euphoria, over activeness with lack of sleep, and overly optimism that interferes with assessment. Periods of depression are also a feature of the disorder. (R.H. Belmaker, 2004).
There are several symptoms that can be identified whether the patient is in a depressive phase or mania are among them dysphoria or depressed mood that is prominent such as feeling sad or empty and appear to cry, decreased interest in all or almost all activities, psychomotor retardation almost every day, fatigue or loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt, recurring thoughts about death, recurring suicidal ideas without a specific plan or suicide attempt or a specific plan to commit suicide.
In addition, there are also signs of manic or hypomanic episodes. Among them are a higher and more expansive mood, increased self -esteem or self -aggrandizement, more talking than usual or pressure to keep talking, many ideas or experiences to think about, increased energy or activities that follow a goal, increased or excessive involvement in activities that high potential for painful effects and less need for sleep. After all, this is a complicated disease. If you want to help people, learn and take the best medical course in malaysia.
In a nutshell, bipolar disorder is a lifelong illness that has a long -lasting effect and affects people with the disease and their caregivers. Read more here.